A Finding Aid to the
Adolph Joachim Sabath Papers
Manuscript Collection No. 43
1903-1952. 3.3 Linear ft.
The ADOLPH JOACHIM SABATH PAPERS were donated by Mrs. Adolph Joachim Sabath through Rabbi Leonard J. Mervis in August, 1953. According to the donor correspondence, Mrs Sabath was willing to donate only those of her husband's papers dealing primarily with immigration and Palestine. The whereabouts of the remainder of the Sabath Papers is unknown. Property rights have been assigned to the American Jewish Archives. All literary rights to materials authored by Adolph Sabath are held by the Sabath heirs. Literary rights to materials authored by others are held by the individual author or his/her heirs. Questions concerning rights should be addressed to the Director of the American Jewish Archives. The ADOLPH JOACHIM SABATH PAPERS are open to all users. The original manuscript collection is available in the reading room of the American Jewish Archives.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH top
Adolph Joachim Sabath was born in Zabori, Bohemia (now Czechoslovakia), April 4, 1866, one of eleven children born to Joachim and Barbara (Eissenschimmel) Sabath. In 1881, at the age of fifteen, Sabath left his native land and arrived in the United States with only enough money in his pocket to travel to Chicago, where a cousin lived. He initially worked at odd jobs and then advanced to the real estate business, all the while, saving enough money to bring his family to the United States and continue his education. He graduated from Bryant and Stratton Business College in 1885. He attended the Chicago College of Law and then Lake Forest University where he received his LL.B. degree in 1891. In 1895, Sabath started his political career with the aid of the liberal governor of Illinois, Peter Altgeld, who appointed him a justice of the peace. He served until 1897, when he became a police magistrate. In 1907, he was elected the Democratic representative from the Fifth Illinois District to the Congress of the United States. Mr. Sabath served in the House of Representatives for twenty-three consecutive terms until his death, the second longest continuous service of any congressman. His other political activities included: membership in the central and executive committees of the Democratic Party (1909-1920), delegate to all the Democratic State Conventions since 1890, and delegate to all Democratic National Conventions (1894-1944). As a representative of a reform-minded immigrant constituency, Sabath fought for passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act and recognition of small nations after World War I. He also introduced the first workmen's compensation bill and advocated federal aid for better highways. Congressman Sabath opposed prohibition and fought for its repeal. In 1931, he introduced the first Reconstruction Finance Corporation Bill and at all times supported labor and all relief legislation. He introduces the first old-age pension resolution in 1909 and urged enactment of the Social Security Act. He was a member of the Committee on Immigration and Naturalization where he opposed inhuman and harsh immigration measures but supported stringent deportation laws. He also served as chairman of the Alcohol Liquor Traffic Committee, and as a member (and later chairman) of the House Rules Committee. He advocated United States membership in the League of Nations and was one of the first to support military preparedness against the Nazi menace. His seniority and influence were used on behalf of New Deal and Fair Deal Legislation. In 1917, Sabath was married to Mae Ruth Fuerst. He was a member of the national Masons, Elks, Knights of Pythias, and various other social, fraternal, and civic organizations of Chicago. He died November 6, 1952 in the naval hospital at Bethesda, Maryland, two days after his reelection to Congress.
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE top
The ADOLPH JOACHIM SABATH PAPERS (1903-1952) consist of material relating to the 46-year career of Chicago Congressman, Adolph Joachim Sabath. The collection includes correspondence, legislative bills, Congressional Records, notes, resolutions, speeches, articles, newsclippings, and miscellaneous material which span the years from 1903-1952. The Papers are divided into four series: A. CORRESPONDENCE B. LEGISLATIVE RECORDS C. PRINTED MATERIAL D. MISCELLANEOUS. The CORRESPONDENCE series (1909-1948) consists of one box of letters arranged chronologically. Among the important correspondents are: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Josephus Daniels, Stephen S. Wise, Joseph P. Tumulty, Samuel Gompers, and Julius Rosenwald. Also of interest is the correspondence (1913-1916) concerning the Navy Department cases of Edward Klouser, Ralph Harley, Richard Kaminskie, and John McMahon. Access to important subjects and correspondents can be made through the Subject Tracings. The LEGISLATIVE RECORDS series (1903-1952) consists of four boxes of legislative materials including Congressional Records, legislative bills, notes, resolutions, and speeches arranged chronologically. Subjects include: immigration, tariffs, prohibition, workmen's compensation, the Great Depression, communism, and Palestine. This material offers a good crosssection of the events and legislation with which Sabath was involved throughout his political career. The PRINTED MATERIAL series (1911-1948) consists of approximately two boxes which have been arranged by type of material with a chronological internal arrangement. The first type of printed material consists of magazines and pamphlets (1944-1946) relating primarily to Palestine. The second type consists of miscellaneous printed articles (1911-1948) which deal with many of Sabath's activities and interests, including immigration, anti-Semitism, refugees, and Nazism. The third type consists of newsclippings from 1909 to 1948 with the bulk dealing with the years 1943 to 1948. This group deals with Palestine, anti-Semitism, immigration, refugees, and Nazism. The MISCELLANEOUS series (1924; 1940-1953) consists of photographs, memorial booklets, and government manuals. The photographs deal with Nazi concentration camp victims and the memorial books include those for Warren G. Harding, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Adolph Joachim Sabath.
BOX AND FOLDER LISTING top
Box Folder Contents SERIES A. CORRESPONDENCE Note: The CORRESPONDENCE series is arranged chronologically with access to many topic and correspondents through the Subject Tracings at the end of the inventory. 1 1 1909. 2 1910; 1911 August. 3 1912. 4 1913. 5 1914. 6 1915. 7 1916. 8 1917. 9 1918; 1921. 10 1924; 1926. 11 1929; 1932. 12 1936. 13 1937. 14 1938-1939. 15 1942 April; 1943. 16 1944. 17 1945 Jan.-Sept. 18 1945 Oct.-Dec. 19 1946. 20 1947. 21 Undated. SERIES B. LEGISLATIVE RECORDS Note: The LEGISLATIVE RECORDS series is composed of bills, laws, reports, and speeches concerning legislation of interest to Sabath. This series is arranged chronologically with access to topics through the Subject Tracings. 2 1 1903-1907. 2 1908. 3 1909. 4 1910. 5 1911. 6 1912. 7 1913. 8 1914. 9 1915. 10 1916. 11 1917. 12 1918. 3 1 1919. 2 1920. 3 1921. 4 1922. 5 1923. 6 1924. 7 1925. 8 1926. 9 1927. 10 1928. 11 1929. 12 1930. 13 1931. 14 1932. 15 1933. 16 1934. 17 1935. 18-19 1936. 4 1 1937. 2 1941. 3 1942. 4 1943. 5 1944. 6 1944; 1945. 7-9 1946. 5 1 1947. 2 1948. 3 1949. 4 1950. 5 1951. 6 1952. 7 Undated. 8 Undated. Miscellaneous notes and papers. SERIES C. PRINTED MATERIAL 9 Anti-Defamation League. 1945-1946. 10 Congress Weekly. 1945-1946. 6 1 Independent Jewish Press Service, Inc. 1945-1946. 2 Information Bulletin of the American Council for Judaism. 1945 Aug.-1946 Sept. 3 Pal-Eco News. 1945-1946. 4 Palestine. 1944-1946. 5 Palestine Affairs. 1946 April-August. 6 Miscellaneous. 1911-1939 [scattered]. 7 Miscellaneous. 1942-1945. 8 Miscellaneous. 1946-1948. 9 Miscellaneous. Undated. 7 1 Miscellaneous. Newsclippings. 1909-1948 [scattered]. 2 Miscellaneous. Newsclippings. Undated. SERIES D. MISCELLANEOUS 7 3 Photographs. ca. 1945. - House Rules and Manual, 81st Congress; Memorial booklets on Warren G. Harding, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Martin Gorski, Ralph Edwin Church, and Adolph Joachim Sabath.
SUBJECT TRACINGS top
Note: The following list of subjects is a selective guide to many of the topics found in the ADOLPH JOACHIM SABATH PAPERS. When used in conjunction with the Box and Folder List, the Subject Tracings should help the researcher locate topics. References are to boxes and folders: e.g. 1/9=Box 1, Folder 9. American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee 1/12. Anti-Semitism 1/12,13,17; 4/7; 6/1,6,7,9; 7/1,2,3. Anti-Trust 2/1. Baruch, Bernard M. 1/9. Civil Rights 1/19. Communism 4/7; 5/3. Condon, Edward U. 5/2. Consumer Purchase Study 4/2. Crime, Jewish 1/12. Daniels, Josephus 1/6,8. Dies, Martin 1/15,16. Einstein, Albert 1/12. German Jewish Refugees 1/12. Gompers, Samuel 1/5, 6/6. Great Depression 3/11,13,14,15,16. Hoover, Herbert C. 1/8. Immigration 1/2,3,5,11; 2/1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,11,12; 3.3,4, 5,6,7,8,9,10,11; 6/1,6; 7/2. Latin America 2/12. League of Nations 3/1. Naturalization 2/2,6,12; 3/3,4,9,10. Nazism 1/12,13,15; 6/6; 7/2. Palestine 1/9,12,145,16,17,18,19,20; 4/5,6,7; 5/1; 6/1, 2,3,4,5,7,8,9; 7/2. Panama Canal 2/8. Philippine Islands 1/10; 2/2; 3/5,6,8,11; 3/12,15; 6/6. Polish Jews 1/13. Prohibition 2/2; 3/7,10,11,12,13,14,15. Puerto Rico 2/3; 3/8. Pure Food and Drugs 2/7. Refugees 6/8,9; 7/3. Rosenwald, Julius 1/3,7. Roosevelt, Franklin D. 1/5,7,9,11. Silver, Abba Hillel 1/16. Smith, Gerald L.D. 1/15. Soviet Union 1/18; 2/3,11; 3/14; 4/7. Subversive Activities 1/19; 4/4; 5/1,2; 7/1. Tariff 1/1; 2/2,3,7,8,10; 7/1. Tumulty, Joseph P. 1/10. United States Navy 4/1. Wilson, Woodrow 2/10,11,12; 3/1,6. Wise, Stephen S. 1/12,13,14. Women's Suffrage 2/9,12. World War I 2/11,12; 3/1. World War II 1/15.