A Finding Aid to the
Harry Kaplan Papers
Manuscript Collection No. 54
1924-1970. 2 Linear ft.
The HARRY KAPLAN PAPERS were donated by Kaplan's wife, Theresa Kaplan, in 1972 and 1976. Property rights have been assigned to the American Jewish Archives. All literary rights to materials authored by Harry Kaplan are held by the Kaplan heirs. Literary rights to materials authored by others are held by the individual author or his/her heirs. Questions concerning rights should be addressed to the Director of the American Jewish Archives. The HARRY KAPLAN PAPERS are open to all users. The original manuscript collection is available in the reading room of the American Jewish Archives.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH top
Harry Kaplan was born on October 6, 1901 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He was educated in the public schools of Minneapolis. In 1923 he graduated from the University of Minnesota, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, majoring in Sociology and Community Organization. He was a member of the first graduating class of the Minneapolis Talmud Torah, a nationally known Hebrew School. He was ordained as rabbi from the Jewish Institute of Religion, New York City, in 1927, while also receiving a Master of Hebrew Literature, cum laude. He took postgraduate work at the University of Wisconsin, at Ohio State University, and at the Geneva, Switzerland Institute of International Studies. From 1926 to 1935 he was Rabbi at Temple Anshe Amunim in Pittsfield, Massachusetts. From 1935 until his death in 1969 he was Ohio State University Hillel Director. In addition he was Midwest Regional Director for the B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation and a member of the National Hillel Cabinet. he was also a member of the Central Conference of American Rabbis and a Rotarian. He was a past President of the Jewish Teachers' Association of the New England Liberal Schools, of the Pittsfield Council of Social Agencies, and of the Alumni Association of the Jewish Institute of Religion. Rabbi Kaplan's articles appeared in Religious Education, The National Jewish Monthly, and The Commentator. Rabbi Kaplan was honored in 1953 with the honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity by Hebrew Union-Jewish Institute of Religion, Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1955 Ohio State University gave him an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws. Harry Kaplan died on February 7, 1969. He was survived by his wife, Theresa, and four children.
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE top
The HARRY KAPLAN PAPERS (1924-1970) cover Rabbi Kaplan's relationship with his former teacher Stephen S. Wise, his work as the rabbi of Temple Anshe Amunim, Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 1926-1935, and as Ohio State University Hillel Director, 1935-1969. The collection includes correspondence, newsclippings, sermons, lectures, and nearprint. The HARRY KAPLAN PAPERS are divided into two series: A. GENERAL B. LECTURES AND SERMONS. The GENERAL series consists of three and one-half boxes covering the years 1924-1970. It includes correspondence with Stephen S. Wise, as well as with U.S. servicemen during World War II. Also included are papers dealing with the Jewish Institute of Religion's Alumni association, Temple Anshe Amunin, the Ohio State Hillel, the Hillel War Service Department, the Hillel Refugee Fund, as well as Kaplan's work with them. The series is alphabetically arranged. The LECTURES AND SERMONS series consists of one and one-half boxes covering Kaplan's career from the late 1920's at Temple Anshe Amunim into the mid-1960's at the Ohio State Hillel. Included are lectures, addresses, papers, sermons, and notes dealing with numerous religious, social, and historical questions. There are three folders of general lectures and sermons followed by sermons and lectures on a particular topic, which are alphabetically arranged by topic.
BOX AND FOLDER LISTING top
Box Folder Contents SERIES A. GENERAL Note: The contents of folders contain several types of material (correspondence, nearprint, etc.) for the dates indicated unless specifically indicated elsewhere. 1 1 Correspondence, 1929-1967. 2 Central Conference of American Rabbis-Committee on Religious Work in Universities, 1942-1952. 3 Harlow, Ralph, 1955; 1969; n.d. Hillel 4 Awards, Dinners and Anniversaries, 1945-1965. 5 Columbus, Ohio-Temple Israel, 1965 Brotherhood Award 6 Kaplan, Harry, 1960 [Greetings for Twenty-fifth Anniversary at Ohio State University Hillel]. 7 Kaplan, Harry, n.d. [Notes]. 8 Ohio State University Hillel-Hillel Players, 1943-1944. 9 Ohio State University Hillel, 1948-1975 [Nearprint]. 10 Refugee Fund and Related Activities, 1934-1940. 11 Roster, 1943. War Service Department, 1942-1948. 12 A-H. 13 I. 2 1 I. 2 J-N. 3 O-U. 4 V-Z. 5 War Service, National, 1943-1945. 6 Jewish Institute of Religion, 1923-1938. 7 Jewish Institute of Religion, 1939-1949. 8 Kaplan, Harry, Biographical material, 1934-1969. 9 Kaplan, Harry, Memorial material, 1969. 10 National Jewish Welfare Board, 1943-1945. 3 1 National Jewish Welfare Board-Ohio Colleges Army and Navy Units, 1943-1944. Pittsfield, Massachusetts 2 Jewish Communal Survey-Bureau of Jewish Social Research, 1929-1930. 3 Jewish Community, 1928-1933. Temple Anshe Amunim. 4 Correspondence, 1926-1935. 5 Correspondence, 1951-1968. 6 Congregational Work, 1927-1932. 7 Dues and Finances, 1930-1937. 8 Library, 1931-1934. 9 Publicity, Notices, etc., 1927-1934. 10 Quarterly and Annual Reports, 1927-1935. 11 Sixty-Fifth Anniversary, 1934. 12 Temple Aid Society, 1928-1931. 13 Speaking Engagements, 1930-1934 [Correspondence]. 3 14 War Correspondence, 1939; 1943-1944 [U.S. Servicemen to Rabbi Kaplan and Ohio State University Hillel]. 15 War Correspondence, 1944-1945 [U.S. Servicemen to Rabbi Kaplan and Ohio State University Hillel]. 4 1 Wise, Stephen S., 1924-1937. 2 Wise, Stephen S., 1938-1948. SERIES B. SERMONS AND LECTURES 3-5 General, 1933-1966; n.d. 6 Abraham Lincoln, 1928-1960; n.d. 7 Book Reviews, 1942-1947; n.d. 8 God Concept and Idea, 1931-1950; n.d. 5 1 Israel, State of, 1943-1968; n.d. 2 Jesus and Christianity, 1931-1965; n.d. 3 Jewish History Courses, 1930-1966; n.d. 4 Prayers, 1937-1968 [Invocations; Benedictions]. 5 Religion and Social Movement, 1931-1939; n.d. 6 Rosh Hashanah, 1929-1968; n.d. 7 "We Jews," 1934-1947 [Lecture series]. 8 Yom Kippur, 1933-1968; n.d. 9 Youth and A Changing World, 1933-1938; n.d.
SUBJECT TRACINGS top
Note: The following list of subjects is a selective index to many of the topics and individuals in the GENERAL series of the HARRY KAPLAN PAPERS. It is selective in that it only attempts to draw attention to the more significant items in the collection. It does not attempt to list every subject or individual appears in the collection. When used in conjunction with the Box and folder List, the Subject Tracings should help the researcher locate topics. References are to boxes and folders: e.g., 1/12 means Box 1, Folder 12. Allied Jewish campaign 3/3 American Jewish Congress 2/7; 3/3 Benjamin, Lore 1/9 Bloom, P.H. 2/3 Brandeis, Louis D. 1/12 Cahn, Judah 2/2 Cohen, Jehudah M. 2/2 Ende, George 2/4 Eppstein, Victor 1/2; 2/7 Farber, Bernard Efraim 2/2 Fleishaker, Oscar 2/2 Friedman, Newton J. 2/3 Frimer, Norman E. 2/2 Funk, Julius 2/3 Gelfman, Harold L. 2/2, 4 Gitin, Joseph 1/12 Glueck, Nelson 1/5 Goldburg, Robert E. 2/2 Gordon, Theodore 2/4 Gumbiner, Joseph 1/12; 2/10 Harrison, Bernard 1/12 Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America (HIAS) 3/6 Hertzberg, Arthur 2/2, 10 Honig, Herbert 1/9 Holmes, John Haynes 1/1; 2/6 Jewish Institute of Religion-Alumni Association 2/6 Jolt, Harry 2/2 Josephson, Louis A. 2/2 Jospe, Alfred 2/1; 4/9 Kahn, Benjamin M. 2/3, 9 Kesselman, William 2/2 Klein, George 1/9 Krohn, A. Lincoln 1/12 Lebowitz, Arthur B. 2/2 Levine, Harry O.A. 2/2; 3/13 Lorge, Ernst M. 1/12 Marcus, Jacob R. 1/2, 5 Michelson, A. Elihu 1/12 Millgram, Abraham E. 2/2 Morgenbesser, Sidney 2/4 Neuman, Gerard 1/9 Pekarsky, Maurice B. 1/5, 8; 2/2 Polish, Jacob 2/4 Pollack, Herman 1/12, 13; 2/1 Prero, Amram 1/12; 2/10 Rabin, Henry 2/2 Ruchames, Louis 1/12 Rypins, Frederick I. 2/2 Sachar, Abram L. 1/1; 3/4 Salgo, Elmer 1/9 Saperstein, Sanford E. 1/12 Schatz, Maurice H. 2/2 Shapiro, Judah 1/12 Simon, Meyer 2/3 Slonimsky, Henry 2/7 Taubenhaus, Esther (Mrs.) 2/3 Warburg, Felix M. 3/6 War Resisters League 3/6 Wasservogel, Hans 1/9 Zatkis, Heinrich 1/9 Zuckerman, Arthur J. 2/4